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How to Make Kokedama (Japanese Moss Ball)

Kokedama, or Japanese moss balls, are the perfect way to add greenery to your home without pots cluttering up the windowsill. Learn how to make your own!

two kokedama hanging in front of window with text overlay reading "how to make kokedama"

I'm a huge fan of Japanese decor and culture, and our house is sprinkled with various souvenirs we've picked up from our two trips there. I've tried my hand at bonsai gardening, and plan to plant bamboo as a backdrop to a mini Japanese garden.

Recently I learned how to make hanging Japanese moss balls, called kokedama, and now I'm hopelessly addicted! They're the perfect way to add a little greenery to your home without a bunch of pots cluttering up the windowsill.

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Materials Required to Make Kokedama

supplies needed to make kokedama

How to Make Kokedama (Japanese Moss Ball)

Before you start, be sure to check out my video below for an overview of the process!

Prepare the Root Ball

Water your plant the day before you plan to make your kokedama. This will ensure that the soil is damp, but not too liquidy to work with.

Remove the plant from pot and mold the soil and roots into a ball shape. I like mine on the smaller side, so I let any loose soil fall away before patting it into shape.

hands forming a ball with the roots of a plant to make a kokedama

Next, create a mixture of one part peat moss and one part potting soil with a generous handful of azomite. Azomite is a trace mineral that is great for potted plants, because they can't get the nutrients they need from the surrounding soil like a plant in the ground.

Potting soil, peat moss and azomite in a pile on a cardboard tray

Add water to the mixture, and pat it together to make a ball. It should appear a little wet on outside and hard enough to toss between your hands without breaking.

ball of potting soil formed by hand for kokedama

Crack the ball in half.

Break kokedama soil ball in half before applying to root ball.

Take one half of the ball, and form it to the side of the plant's root ball. Make sure to give the base of the plant some room. Repeat for the other half and continue shaping it until you have a nice ball.

kokedama root ball

Wrap the Root Ball in Sheet Moss

Soak the sheet moss in water until it becomes soft and pliable. If you don't have a single piece of moss that's large enough to cover the entire ball, pinch together smaller sections. Keep the cleanest edges around outside.

sheet moss formed into a circle to wrap kokedama

Place the ball in the center of the moss sheet and pull the edges up towards the base of the plant. Again, give the plant some room so it doesn't have to work hard to grow through the moss. Tear off any excess that might make the ball too bulky.

tearing away excess moss from kokedama ball

Tie Up the Ball with Fishing Line

Wrap the fishing line around the circumference of the moss ball. Tie a few knots to make it secure, leaving about a foot of a tail on the loose end.

tying kokedama together with fishing line

Continue wrapping the moss ball with the fishing line until there's no loose moss and it has formed a shape you like. Keep the fishing line about ½" away from the stems of your plant so the line doesn't impede its growth. Work your way back to the tail you left at the beginning, and tie the two ends together. The fishing line becomes nearly invisible as it embeds into the moss.

completed kokedama on white table

Hang Your Kokedama in the Window

To hang your kokedama, first determine how far down from the hook you want it to hang. I'm making a set of three that will be arranged at different heights. I prefer the look of moss balls hanging magically in midair, so I used fishing line. You can use jute or twine for a more rustic look.

Measure out a piece of jute twine or fishing line four times the length from the hook. Fold the twine in half, then fold it in half again. Tie the folded ends together to form loops for hanging.

Then tie the loose ends together, splay each of the four lines apart, and place the moss ball in the middle. Make sure the twine is divided equally around the ball, then pull up from the loops and hang!

Ivy growing in kokedama hanging in window with white background

I just love how my trio of kokedama brightens up an otherwise blank corner of our living room!

three kokedama hanging from fishing line in front of window
two kokedama hanging from fishing line in front of window with blinds

How to Care for Kokedama

These hanging moss balls are self-contained gardens, but they still need some care to keep looking their best!


To water your kokedama, just submerge the entire ball in a bucket of water about once a week. Over time, you'll learn when it needs to be watered just by the weight of the ball. When it's about half its weight, it's time for a dunking! I added a hook over our kitchen sink to allow them to drain before hanging them back in the window.


After a while, your plant will absorb all the nutrients in the soil. If it's starting to look a little sad, add some liquid fertilizer for indoor plants to the water before you dunk the kokedama. This will allow the entire root ball to take in the new nutrients and thrive!


With any luck, your kokedama should last about a year in its form. If you notice that the roots are starting to push through the moss, it's time to replant it!

Just cut the fishing line, remove the moss and repeat the process with more of the soil mixture outlined above to make a new kokedama. Or plant it in a new pot or in the garden and start over with a new species!

Check out these other gardening tutorials!

Karren Haller

Friday 7th of September 2018

These are so fun I made 2 last year and they lasted until winter as I had them in my greenhouse. Thank you for sharing on #omhgff last week and this week your post is being shared on #OMHGFF. It has been Pinned on Pinterest, Shared on Twitter and G+ Hope you will stop by to share other posts and please share the party! Have a great weekend! Karren

Karen graf

Thursday 23rd of February 2017

These are elegant, and hopefully as easy as it looks! I have quite a bit of real moss growing close to where we live, and I'm wondering if you know if that can be substituted for the dried and colored sheet moss.


Thursday 23rd of February 2017

Absolutely! I live in Seattle, where moss grows everywhere, and I'm hoping to harvest some when I get a chance this spring. You might have trouble pulling up bigger pieces that will cover your kokedama, but as long as you secure it in place with the fishing line, it should look great!


Thursday 23rd of February 2017

Beware of planting Bamboo in your yard--It can be very invasive crowd out / overtake other desirable plants and is hard to get rid of.


Thursday 23rd of February 2017

Thanks for the warning! I've written an article about how to plant bamboo without having it take over the neighborhood. You can find the post here.


Thursday 9th of February 2017

I love this. Thanks!

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